John Wesley and The Oxford Methodists
John Wesley was born in June 1703 to deeply spiritual parents. Samuel and Susanna Wesley both came from families that had firm Puritan leanings though both of them would later be reconciled to the Church of England. Samuel had been ordained as a minister of the Church of England in February 1689 by the Bishop of London. The year that his son John was born he was rector of St. Andrew’s Church in Epworth.
Both Samuel and Susanna were strong-willed, strongly opinionated and fiercely principled. They had 19 children of whom only eight survived and grew into adulthood. John’s brother Charles was born in 1707. The Wesley household was marked by strict spiritual discipline. Susanna taught her children to cry softly, recite the Lord’s prayer as soon as they were able to speak, to obey without question and to ask for permission before they did anything.
They were not allowed to shout, eat between meals or exhibit bad manners. In addition to this, each child had an individual weekly appointment with their mother that was reserved for spiritual instruction. During his time at Oxford, John Wesley wrote to his mother expressing his appreciation for these interviews and also his desire to resume them even though he was away from home.
Epworth, United Kingdom
John was awarded a scholarship to attend Oxford University and he was admitted to Christ Church College in 1720 and Charles later attended in 1726. John Wesley graduated with a BA in 1724 and was ordained to the ministry in 1725 in Christ’s Church Cathedral. Then in 1726, he was appointed a fellow of Lincoln College much to the delight of his father. He was given a stipend and a room at the College and he lectured on Greek, Logic, and Philosophy. John worked tirelessly while he was at Lincoln College, taking his position seriously and putting in long hours each day, six days a week.
Soon after his appointment, John returned to Epworth on an extended leave of absence from Lincoln college to assist his father in overseeing his parish in Epworth so that
Samuel could take on the second parish in nearby Wroot to supplement the family income. While he was away in Epworth his brother Charles founded what came to be known as the Holy Club. The group grew out of Charles’s desire to be surrounded by a group of likeminded friends to help support him spiritually while John was away. He invited two of his fellow students, Robert Kirkham and William Morgan to join him in his room once a week for fellowship, bible study, and prayer.
When John returned to Oxford in 1729 he took over the leadership of the group by mutual agreement between himself and Charles. The club was committed to pursuing personal spirituality through prayer, Bible study and practical application of the word of God in their daily lives. Their ministry then extended beyond themselves to those who were in need outside their circle which first them to make regular prison visits to share the gospel with the inmates there.
They then expanded their work to the poor houses where they set up a fund to purchase medication and pay off debts in addition to preaching and teaching the word of God. In 1730 some of their fellow students at Oxford began to jokingly refer to them as the Holy Club, snidely labeling the members as Bible Moths or Bible Bigots. These nicknames grew in number and variety until finally in 1732 they were christened Methodists and the new name stuck.
It was around this time, in 1731 that John Wesley crossed paths with George Whitfield who would later become instrumental in the growth of the Methodist church. George Whitfield graduated from Pembroke college and began to preach immediately thereafter. He was soon an itinerant preacher and evangelist preaching all over England and spending a considerable amount of
time working with John Wesley. Both the Wesleys and Whitfield spent time in America in the colony of Georgia producing different outcomes from their efforts. For John Wesley, England was where his heart and the central focus of his ministry was but for George Whitfield, America became a fertile mission field which he frequented over a period of many years.
The Methodist movement sprang from humble origins; a group of likeminded young people gathering together in a small dorm room on a university campus where they were heckled for their faith. They persevered though and the result of their perseverance was a mighty movement that brought much-needed revival to England.
- White, E.G. (1888) – The Great Controversy
- Wilson, J. (2016) – The Wesleys: Two Men Who Changed The World