Social movements transform present realities, spiritual movements define eternal ones. Spiritual movements are like seeds, they begin in a small way with the transformation made in the hearts and minds of a handful of individuals and then they grow upwards and outwards, tall and strong, sending their roots deep into the social soil in which they are planted, becoming a refuge for all those who are in need of shelter and nourishment. History would be a poorer for not having been graced with transformative spiritual movements and society would be lost without them.

The English Reformation

The Reformation and The Monarchy The English Reformation was vastly different to its contemporary reformatory movements because from its very outset it was intricately involved with Crown Politics and the King’s obsession with producing a male heir. In some respects,...

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The Scottish Reformation

Writing about the Scottish Reformation the historian Wylie makes this fascinating observation; “England, in reforming itself, worked mainly from the political center. Scotland worked mainly from the religious one. The ruling idea of the former country (England) was...

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The Scandinavian Reformation

Precursors of the Reformation Germany had a significant influence on the Scandinavian countries of Norway, Sweden, and Denmark politically, socially and spiritually. They could all trace their lineage back to the same Teutonic tribes that occupied Europe in the wake...

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The French Reformation (1510-1598)

Jacques Lefevre: Precursor of the Reformation The French Reformation was shaped as much by pious men as it was by pivotal events. At its heart lay the most compelling truth known to man: the infallible authority of the Word of God and that is why it prospered so well...

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The Swiss Reformation

Ulrich Zwingli: Early Life The Reformation in Switzerland was shaped by the tireless efforts of Ulrich Zwingli, a humanist priest from the Alpine village of Wildhaus. Zwingli himself was shaped by three main influences in his life; the first was that of his...

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The Bohemian Reformation

Introduction Europe in the 14th century was prostrated under the weight of social, political, economic and spiritual unrest. The plague had ravaged the population nearly halving it and added to this was the Papal schism of 1378 and the Babylonian Captivity of the...

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The Waldenses

Introduction The mingling of Paganism with Christianity in the form of Roman Catholicism sparked a revolution in Christendom. It led those who desired to preserve the purity of true Bible religion to coalesce into a single organized system, geographically spanning...

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The German Reformation

Foundational Principles of The Reformation The German Reformation was sparked by Martin Luther, a renegade Catholic priest. The catalyst for the reformation was the sale of indulgences throughout Germany by John Tetzel under the authority of Pope Leo X but in reality,...

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The Albigenses

Religiopolitical Climate At the turn of the 13th century, Europe was no longer held together by the common political tie of the Pagan Roman Empire yet it was being slowly gathered together under the decidedly religiopolitical banner of the Pontiff at Rome. Imperial...

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The Celtic Church

Celtic Christianity is a term given to the Christian Church of the Celtic peoples occupying the British Isles, spanning what we now know as England, Ireland, Scotland, and Wales. Many scholars believe that Celtic Christianity in the British Isles had its roots in Asia...

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