Social movements transform present realities, spiritual movements define eternal ones. Spiritual movements are like seeds, they begin in a small way with the transformation made in the hearts and minds of a handful of individuals and then they grow upwards and outwards, tall and strong, sending their roots deep into the social soil in which they are planted, becoming a refuge for all those who are in need of shelter and nourishment. History would be a poorer for not having been graced with transformative spiritual movements and society would be lost without them.

The English Reformation

The English Reformation and The Monarchy The English Reformation was vastly different to its contemporary reformatory movements because from its very outset it was intricately involved with Crown Politics and the King’s obsession with producing a male heir. In some...

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The Reform of Scotland

Scotland In Need of Reform Writing about the Scottish Reformation the historian Wylie makes this fascinating observation; “England, in reforming itself, worked mainly from the political center. Scotland worked mainly from the religious one. The ruling idea of the...

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The Reformation in Sweden and Denmark

The Reformation Begins in Sweden Germany had a significant influence on the Scandinavian countries of Norway, Sweden, and Denmark politically, socially and spiritually. They could all trace their lineage back to the same Teutonic tribes that occupied Europe in the...

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The French Reformation (1510-1598)

Precursors of the French Reformation The French Reformation was shaped as much by pious men as it was by pivotal events. At its heart lay the most compelling truth known to man: the infallible authority of the Word of God and that is why it prospered so well because...

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The Swiss Reformation

The Swiss Reformation and Ulrich Zwingli The Swiss Reformation was shaped by the tireless efforts of Ulrich Zwingli, a humanist priest from the Alpine village of Wildhaus. Zwingli himself was shaped by three main influences in his life; the first was that of his...

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The Bohemian Reformation

The Beginnings of the Bohemian Reformation The Bohemian Reformation was the product of a number of social, political and religious factors that all converged to create the spark that was needed to ignite the movement. Europe in the 14th century was prostrated under...

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The Waldenses

The Waldenses of the Valleys The mingling of Paganism with Christianity in the form of the Roman Catholic Church sparked a revolution in Christendom. It led those who desired to preserve the purity of true Bible religion to coalesce into a single organized...

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The German Reformation

How did the German Reformation begin? The German Reformation was sparked by Martin Luther, a renegade Catholic priest. The catalyst for the reformation was the sale of indulgences throughout Germany by John Tetzel under the authority of Pope Leo X but in reality, the...

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The Albigenses and The Papacy

The Papacy: A force to be reckoned with At the turn of the 13th century, Europe was no longer held together by the common political tie of the Pagan Roman Empire yet it was being slowly gathered together under the decidedly religiopolitical banner of the Papacy....

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